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Posts for category: OBGYN Treatments

By Williams Ob/Gyn & Associate
August 11, 2022
Category: OBGYN Treatments

Is it time to talk with your OBGYN about your fertility options?

Getting pregnant isn’t always easy. In fact, according to Healthgrades, one in 10 women will have trouble getting pregnant. If you have trouble conceiving, it may be time to turn to your OBGYN to find out the next steps and whether a fertility evaluation could benefit you.

Is It Time To Get Fertility Help?

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, if a couple hasn’t been successful with getting pregnant after one year of unprotected sex, then it’s time to consult a fertility specialist. Women over age 35 should see a gynecologist after only six months of trying to conceive.

Age isn’t the only factor that should determine just how soon you seek help. If you or your partner have risk factors, experience infertility symptoms or have certain conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis, you must see an OBGYN as soon as possible for fertility testing and treatment options.

Women who’ve experienced two miscarriages in a row should also speak with a fertility specialist. While miscarriages are common, repeat miscarriages could mean that there is an underlying problem that your OBYN should.

What Is Involved in a Fertility Evaluation?

Unless you or your partner already has a history of infertility, the first person you should talk with about your fertility options is a gynecologist. During your evaluation, your gynecologist will go through your medical history, ask questions about your health and perform a pelvic exam to check the health of the ovaries and cervix. Separately, your partner may need to undergo semen analysis to check sperm count and motility.

Your OBGYN will run basic fertility tests such as hormone testing, which involve a simple blood test to check hormone levels (e.g., follicle-stimulating hormone). This is also the best way to determine whether or not an individual is ovulating.

If there are no issues with ovulation, a special x-ray known as a hysterosalpingogram may be used to check the structure and function of the fallopian tubes and uterus. This can check for abnormalities or blockages impacting your ability to conceive. Once these tests have been performed, your OBGYN will discuss the results and determine if additional testing is needed. Once you understand what’s causing your fertility issues, your OBGYN can also provide you with treatment options to address the underlying cause of your infertility.

Are you having trouble conceiving? If so, a fertility evaluation with your gynecologist can provide the answers and fertility treatment options you’re looking for.

By Williams Ob/Gyn & Associate
March 25, 2022
Category: OBGYN Treatments
Tags: Pap smear  
Pap SmearYour teen is quickly becoming a young woman, and you may be wondering more about how to keep her healthy and when she should start seeing an OBGYN. Perhaps you’re even unsure about how often you're supposed to visit your OBGYN for Pap smears and checkups. Here’s all the information you need to make an informed decision regarding women’s health.

What is a Pap smear?

A pap smear is a simple diagnostic test that involves collecting cells from the cervix to look for precancerous and cancerous cells. By keeping up with routine pap smears, an OBGYN can detect early and suspicious changes in cervical cells to provide early interventions to remove the cells before they turn cancerous. A pap smear is not the same thing as a pelvic exam.

Do I need a Pap smear?

If you are a woman then the answer is “yes”. Every woman will need to get regular Pap smears from an OBGYN, as this is the best tool for catching precancerous cells before they turn cancerous. So, just how often do you need a Pap smear? The most recent recommendation from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says that,
  • Women between the ages of 21 to 29 should get one every three years
  • Women between the ages of 30 to 65 should get one (along with an HPV test) every five years
  • Women with weakened immune systems (or women with HIV), as well as women who’ve had precancerous cells in the past, may need to come in more often for Pap smears (this is something you’ll want to discuss with your gynecologist)
What does an abnormal Pap smear mean?

Getting abnormal results back doesn’t necessarily mean that you have cancer. Many women will deal with an abnormal Pap smear at some point and it won’t be due to cervical cancer. Other problems that can cause abnormal Pap results include:
  • STIs such as herpes (HSV-2), trichomoniasis, and the human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Inflammation
  • Infection
  • Recent sexual activity
If you do receive an abnormal Pap, your gynecologist will recommend getting another test performed to check those results. If results are still abnormal then further testing will be required to check for precancerous or cancerous cells.

Whether you need to schedule an appointment for you or your teen daughter, an OBGYN is going to be an invaluable part of your medical team, providing everything from support and advice to annual checkups and Pap smears. It’s important that everyone find a gynecologist that they trust.
By Williams Ob/Gyn & Associates
March 22, 2021
Category: OBGYN Treatments
Tags: Yeast Infection  
Yeast InfectionYeast infections are one of life’s unpleasant issues. Most women will experience at least one yeast infection during their lifetime. The discharge, itching, burning, and vaginal rash can leave any gal feeling more than a little uncomfortable. However, because a yeast infection shares symptoms with some STIs it’s always a good idea to make a trip to see your OBGYN if you are sexually active. Here’s what to know about treating yeast infections and when to turn to a doctor.
 
Why do yeast infections happen?

An overgrowth of Candida, a type of fungus, leads to a yeast infection. While there may be fungus present in the vagina at any point in time, often it’s not enough to cause symptoms; however, when there’s overgrowth this leads to an infection.
 
Certain factors can increase your risk for yeast infections,
  • Pregnancy
  • Taking antibiotics
  • Diabetes
  • A compromised immune system
  • Stress
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Poor diet
What are the signs?

The most common signs of a yeast infection include,
  • A thick, white vaginal discharge
  • Burning and swelling of the vagina
  • Itching
  • Soreness
  • Pain with urination or sex
How do I treat a yeast infection?

While certainly uncomfortable, a yeast infection is easy to treat. In fact, many women find relief from going to their local pharmacy and picking up yeast infection medication (you can purchase these products over the counter). If you don’t experience relief from your symptoms about a week after treatment, then it’s time to call your OBGYN.
 
If you’ve had a yeast infection before and you recognize the symptoms then over-the-counter treatments should be fine; however, if this is your first time dealing with a yeast infection you should turn to your doctor to find out if that’s exactly what it is. If you’re dealing with severe symptoms or if you are dealing with recurring infections (infections that happen at least four times a year) you should turn to your OBGYN.
 
Your OBGYN can do everything from prescribing yeast infection medication to providing STI screenings and HPV vaccines. If you’re experiencing symptoms of a yeast infection, turn to your OBGYN today for the treatment you need.
By Williams Ob/Gyn & Associates
February 11, 2021
Category: OBGYN Treatments
The Benefits of Pelvic Floor Physical TherapyThe pelvic floor consists of muscles and connective tissue that provide support to the organs of the pelvis. The pelvic floor is important for everything from bladder and bowel control to sexual arousal. Unfortunately, many women will deal with pelvic floor dysfunction or pain at some point during their lifetime. If you are dealing with this problem, you may want to talk with your OBGYN about the benefits of pelvic floor physical therapy.

What causes pelvic floor dysfunction?

Some many injuries and conditions can weaken the muscles of the pelvis or even tear the tissue. Common causes of pelvic floor dysfunction include,
  • Nerve damage
  • Pregnancy and childbirth (the most common causes)
  • Traumatic injury to the pelvic (e.g., bad fall; car accident)
  • Obesity
  • Pelvic surgery
  • Genetics
What are the symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction?

If you are dealing with pelvic floor dysfunction you may experience these common symptoms,
  • Painful urination
  • An increased urge to urinate
  • Urinary or stool leakage
  • Constipation
  • Pain in the pelvic floor including the rectum and genitals
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Lower back pain
  • Muscle spasms in the pelvis
  • Pelvic pressure
What is pelvic floor therapy?

Just as someone might get physical therapy to restore function and strength into a shoulder injury or bad knee, your OBGYN may recommend that women who have pelvic floor dysfunction undergo pelvic floor physical therapy. These one-on-one physical therapy sessions are designed to help alleviate the symptoms of dysfunction while also training and re-strengthening weakened pelvic floor muscles.

Your OBGYN will first need to perform a physical exam to assess the muscle. This assessment will help us create a customized plan of action to alleviate your symptoms. Pelvic floor physical therapy may include,
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises
  • Coordination exercises
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Biofeedback
  • Heat or ice therapy
  • Electrical stimulation
Pelvic floor physical therapy has helped many women gain better control over their sexual health and bladder function. Whether you’re dealing with pelvic floor problems after giving birth or as a result of certain health problems such as endometriosis, your OBGYN may recommend pelvic floor physical therapy. Call your doctor to learn more.
By Williams Ob/Gyn & Associates
November 19, 2020
Category: OBGYN Treatments
Tags: Painful sex  
What To Do if You Experience Pain During SexWhile it might not be a topic that we often discuss, we understand just how important it is for women to have a healthy sex life. But what happens when you start experiencing pain during sex? Dealing with frequent pain with sex can be frustrating and upsetting. Fortunately, your OBGYN can determine what’s causing your pain and provide you with effective solutions to make sex enjoyable and fun again.

Why am I experiencing painful sex?

There are several reasons why you may experience pain with intercourse. One of the more common ones is a lack of lubrication; however, painful sex could also be a sign of:
  • An infection including yeast infections and infections of the cervix
  • Vaginismus: A condition that causes muscle spasms of the vaginal wall
  • Endometriosis: Where tissue similar to uterine tissue grows beyond the uterus
  • Ovarian cysts and other ovarian conditions
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Causes severe inflammation of the deeper pelvic tissue
  • Vulvodynia: A condition that causes chronic pain in the vulva and other external organs including the clitoris
How is painful sex treated?
 
How this situation is addressed will depend on the root cause of your symptoms. In some instances, you won’t need to see an OBGYN for treatment. For example, if you’ve just had a baby you need to wait at least six weeks before having sex. If you have sex too early you could experience pain. In this situation, you simply need to wait.

However, when it seems like something more is at play then it’s time to consult an OBGYN. If vaginal dryness is the cause, we can recommend or provide special lubricants. Menopausal women who are experiencing vaginal dryness may need hormone replacement therapy or estrogen creams.

We will need to perform a physical exam to check for any tears, signs of STDs, inflamed tissue, or other signs of infection or certain vaginal conditions. Some conditions simply require medication (as is the case with yeast infections or PID); however, chronic conditions such as endometriosis will require special treatments, lifestyle changes, and long-term monitoring from an OBGYN.

Are you dealing with painful sex? If so, your OBGYN can provide you with the care you need to get this problem under control. It’s important to address this problem as soon as possible.